• September 26, 2021
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  • Know All About the Four Distinct Phases of a Drug Rehab Program

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    Attending Baton Rouge detox and rehab centers is the first step you take towards a sober and healthy life. Rehab centers provide the best and tested techniques to achieve a wholesome lifestyle and abstain from alcohol or drugs.

    Extensive therapies aim to terminate the drug-seeking behaviors in an individual. It involves various long-term healthcare measures to prevent a relapse. However, the process of rehabilitation is not the same for all. It depends on several factors like the type of drug you are addicted to, period of consumption, personal choices, and co-occurring disorders.

    Anyone who gets admitted to a drug rehab program goes through four distinct phases, namely admission and assessment, detoxification, rehabilitation, and finally, recovery and aftercare.

    Let’s explore all four phases of a rehab program, one at a time.

    Phase One – Admission and Assessment

    This phase includes a meeting with experts to obtain a personalized treatment and care for the patient. They examine certain psychological, psychosocial, and medical aspects of the individual. They even assess the patient’s drug addiction history and check whether the family has any role to play in the current situation. The patient gets to know about the financial cost of the treatment in this meeting. So, the first phase provides a skeleton to the entire rehab procedure.

    Phase two – Detoxification

    This phase endeavors to remove the “toxic” substance from the body. Sometimes, the withdrawal syndromes associated with the drug are dangerous and unpleasant. The team of experts closely monitors the state of patients under such circumstances, taking into account every little detail.

    The constant watching and pharmacological interventions halt the health risk of the patient. Reports have shown that medical treatments ease the withdrawal syndromes associated with drugs like heroin and other medicines in the unprescribed and illicit category.

    Medically supervised detox depends on the substance(s) causing the addiction. Before proceeding with detox, the medical personnel would determine all the risks of the withdrawal syndrome and the exact medical interventions they would follow during the detox process. The medication prescribed during detox depends on the type of drug and the severity of the associated withdrawal syndrome. In many cases, experts find that the fear of withdrawal syndrome prevents the process of rehabilitation. One should be able to address all the anxiety to attain freedom from drugs.

    Phase 3 – Rehabilitation

    After successfully detoxifying the body, the process of rehabilitation begins. Here, intensive therapy is conducted that reveals the underlying factors that led to drug consumption. It is the foundation for achieving the long-term results of the treatment.

    The doctors follow various treatment methods in the rehabilitation process:

    • Indoor patients, outdoor patients, and partial hospitalization: Indoor patients receive 24*7 intensive care. Doctors can supervise the patient’s improvements or any deterioration resulting from the medical treatment.
    • Outdoor patients do not get admitted. They visit the hospital as and when advised by the doctor. Outdoor patients have to follow all the instructions prescribed minutely. Failing to adhere can result in unsatisfactory progress. However, this is an effective method of treatment for short-lived addictions.
    • Partial hospitalization is a program that looks into outdoor patient rehabilitation. It is for patients with mild to moderate symptoms. Generally, these symptoms would not get severe or fatal. Hence, they do not require constant monitoring.
    • Individual therapy is the contemplation of the underlying conflict which initiated the drug consumption by the patient. They strategize different ways to combat relapse. Also, in this process, the individuals are taught time management to make better use of their time.
    • Group therapy: Group therapy involves face-to-face interactions with patients. According to psychology, individuals tend to push themselves harder when they see others coping with their struggles. It creates an environment of community support.
    • Family therapy: This therapy ceases the conflict between the patients and their families. It develops a line of communication between the two parties that the patients’ drug abuse may have affected severely. Family therapy also assigns responsibilities to the family members to remain cautious and aid in avoiding relapse in the patient.

    Phase 4 – Recovery and Aftercare

    Many individuals with addiction issues end up relapsing. It happens because they return to the environment where they had started consuming the drug. Aftercare is essential for any who wants to avoid relapse.

    It is essential to discuss all aftercare when you are still in the phase of rehabilitation. The aftercare varies from person to person. Patients have to maintain a post-rehab session to ensure progress in the recovery process. Effectual treatment helps in reducing the chances of relapse. While poor or absent treatment ensures substantial deterioration with prevailing health problems like diabetes and hypertension.

    Relapse occurs in 50-80% of the addicts. It is common in people who have got improper or incomplete treatment with chronic abuse. Quality aftercare ensures a healthy relationship of the individual with his peer groups and family members. The first year of recovery has the highest chance of relapse. This time is very crucial for both the patient and the respective counselor. Sometimes, patients have to visit the clinic once every week. It is known as periodic outdoor aftercare.

    Recovery is a lifelong process. Hence, experts recommend patients undergoing recovery and aftercare adhere to the guidelines and suggestions outlined by their doctor.

    A Final Say!

    It seems easy, but accepting addiction is a chronic disease. According to Very Well Mind, Jean had blamed everything and everyone around her for being the cause of her alcoholism. She started drinking early, but the fun turned out to be a horror with time. She almost lost her job, children, and husband due to excessive association with drugs. Finally, the Alcoholics Anonymous Program helped her recover.

    The United Nations Office on Drug and Crime has initiated programs to educate children and adolescents on the long-term and short-term effects of several drugs. The UNODC reported that 5% of the world’s population used illicit drugs in 2010.

    Although substance abuse is a complex problem globally, early interventions can decrease substance abuse rates in adolescents.

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