• January 19, 2022
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  • 5 Major Terpenes and Why They’re Famous

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    Let us begin by saying that there are more than just 5 terpenes and a lot of the other terpenes are just as important as the ones we’ll talk about in this article. However, we are basing this list on the most abundantly found terpenes in cannabis as well as the most common scents and effects associated with terpenes.

    Terpenes and their Benefits

    A cannabis plant has more than just the same old CBD and THC. Along with other minor cannabinoids, the plants are filled with terpenes. Terpenes aren’t exclusive to cannabis, quite the contrary actually. These chemical compounds are found in most plants and some animals, responsible for the scent and taste of different vegetation.

    Along with affecting the aroma and taste of the cannabis flower, these terpenes are also responsible for the effects associated with different cannabis strains and cannabinoids. It is the synergetic effect of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids that bring about the entourage effect. While these compounds are incapable of initiating a high in consumers, they can heighten the overall THC effect.

    Keeping this in mind, we can understand why terpenes are crucial for an overall cannabis experience.

    5 Terpenes You Should Know About

    The 5 terpenes mentioned here are found in cannabis plants and add to the scent, flavor as well as effects of the cannabis strains.

    Myrcene

    As one of the most abundantly found terpenes in cannabis, Myrcene tops our list of crucial terpenes. Other than cannabis, it can be found in smaller amounts in mangoes, lemongrass, eucalyptus, basil, thyme and hops.

    Some common facts about Myrcene:

    • High concentration of this terpene is found in Indica dominant strains
    • Myrcene has a relaxing and calming effect on the consumer and can work as a sedative
    • Other than sedation, it has great antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects
    • The terpene is a great addition to medical marijuana doses used for sleep disorders, anxiety, chronic pain and other similar conditions
    • The terpene has an earthy, spicy and musky aroma and taste that can distinguish it from other terpenes.
    Limonene

    As the name states, strains with cirtusy and fruity aroma and taste usually have the terpene limonene. The terpene’s distinct aroma and flavor is it’s biggest known characteristic.

    • Other than cannabis strains, this terpenen is found in citrus fruits (obviously), essential oils, pine, mint etc.
    • The terpene has antibacterial and antifungal properties, being used in multiple acne treatments you’ll find at pharmacies. At the same time, it has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
    • It benefits patients suffering from chronic pain, anxiety, inflammation, heartburn or gastric reflux among others.
    Linalool

    This one’s the real deal when it comes to aroma. With its special lavender scent with traces of spice, the terpene often finds itself being added to perfumes or products requiring a floral scent.

    Apart from cannabis buds, the terpene is found in multiple flowers and spices. Most abundant and recognizable in lavender, it is also present in rosewood, coriander, birch, mint, cinnamon and others. =

    Linalool has relaxing and calming effects on the body, which is an indication of why we use lavender essential oils for a calming effect.

    Other than that, the terpenen is known to help with anxiety and depression, as well as chronic pain. Medical marijuana doses for Epilepsy and Alziemer’s also tend to have this terpenen.

    Caryophyllene

    The terpenen has a spicy and pepper like flavor and scent, being found in black peppers, cloves, cinnamon, rosemary, basil and hops.

    • This is one of the first cannabis constituents, other than THC, CBN and CBD that can interact with the endocannabinoid receptors.
    • Also referred to as beta-caryophyllene, the compound is an FDA approved food additive and is found in multiple essential oils. It is a dietary cannabinoid with the status of ‘Generally Recognized as Safe”.
    • Much like other terpenes, it has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antibacterial and antioxidant properties.
    • Strains containing this terpene help in weight loss, controlling anxiety, alcoholism as well as potential to increase anticancer activity.
    Pinene

    The name gives it away but we’ll say it anyway. It smells like pine. In other words, it has a fresh and earthy scent. Apart from pine, it is also found in basil, rosemary, dil, satureja myrtifolia (an aromatic plant) and others.

    • The terpene has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, neuroprotective properties and also works as an analgesic. Are we surprised though? All these terpenes seem to have a few in common.
    • The terpene also works well with CBD, THC and CBN with potential for countering side effects of too much THC.

    Apart from the 5 major terpenes mentioned here, there are multiple other compounds that are essential parts of cannabis that add to its value. When looking for a rich and high quality product, you must first apply for an MMJ card.

    After applying for a $20 medical card, you can enter a dispensary and find a cannabis product that best suits your needs. However, while paying attention to the CBD and THC concentration is crucial, generous attention should be given to the terpene profile of the product.

    Bio

    “Hi My name is Mary Peck. I am a passionate blogger and love to write about cannabis and marketing. My other works include content marketing and SEO. I believe in the therapeutic power of alternatives like medical marijuana and educate people about it”

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